Born in Serpukhov, near Moscow, Ulitin learned painting and photography as a child. He attended Technical School and worked in Ivan Sytin’s printing and publishing house. In 1907 he graduated from the Chemical-Technological School in Kostroma as a colourist. He went to Military College, where he specialized in armored vehicles and became a driver. From 1911 he studied in the portrait studio of K. Fisher where he mastered difficult printing techniques: bromine, pigment, and gummy Arabic. In the mid 1920s he joined the Russian Photographic Society and the All-Russian Society of Photographers; he was also a member of the editorial board of Fotograf (1926-29). In the 1920s and early 1930s he took an active part in international exhibitions of artistic photography and was awarded many medals and certificates. In 1928-30 he organized a number of photographic clubs for Moscow printing and transport workers. In the 1930s he taught at the Moscow Institute of Polygraphy and worked on color process technology using three separations. In 1937 he was arrested, and he served time in labour camps and was then sent to Balahna. He was not rehabilitated until 1957. In 1976 he died in Moscow.